array(2) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#427 (106) { ["virtuemart_product_price_id"]=> string(3) "386" ["virtuemart_product_id"]=> string(3) "387" ["virtuemart_shoppergroup_id"]=> NULL ["product_price"]=> string(8) "19.00000" ["override"]=> NULL ["product_override_price"]=> string(7) "0.00000" ["product_tax_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["product_discount_id"]=> string(1) "1" ["product_currency"]=> string(2) "47" ["product_price_publish_up"]=> NULL ["product_price_publish_down"]=> NULL ["price_quantity_start"]=> NULL ["price_quantity_end"]=> NULL ["created_on"]=> string(19) "2013-07-23 23:02:16" ["created_by"]=> string(3) "630" ["modified_on"]=> string(19) "2016-02-11 10:55:34" ["modified_by"]=> string(3) "630" ["locked_on"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["locked_by"]=> string(1) "0" ["virtuemart_vendor_id"]=> string(1) "1" ["product_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["product_sku"]=> string(17) "978-88-7381-038-1" ["product_name"]=> string(29) "Diario di prigionia 1943-1945" ["slug"]=> string(29) "diario-di-prigionia-1943-1945" ["product_s_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["product_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["product_weight"]=> string(6) "0.0000" ["product_weight_uom"]=> string(2) "KG" ["product_length"]=> string(6) "0.0000" ["product_width"]=> string(6) "0.0000" ["product_height"]=> string(6) "0.0000" ["product_lwh_uom"]=> string(1) "M" ["product_url"]=> string(0) "" ["product_in_stock"]=> int(0) ["product_ordered"]=> string(1) "0" ["low_stock_notification"]=> string(1) "0" ["product_available_date"]=> string(19) "2013-07-24 00:00:00" ["product_availability"]=> string(0) "" ["product_special"]=> string(1) "0" ["product_sales"]=> string(1) "0" ["product_unit"]=> string(2) "KG" ["product_packaging"]=> string(6) "0.0000" ["product_params"]=> string(53) "min_order_level=""|max_order_level=""|product_box=""|" ["intnotes"]=> string(0) "" ["customtitle"]=> string(0) "" ["metadesc"]=> string(0) "" ["metakey"]=> string(0) "" ["metarobot"]=> string(0) "" ["metaauthor"]=> string(0) "" ["layout"]=> string(7) "default" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["_pkey":protected]=> string(21) "virtuemart_product_id" ["_pkeyForm":protected]=> string(0) "" ["_obkeys":protected]=> array(2) { ["product_name"]=> string(92) "Nome prodotto nel record è mancante! Non è possibile salvare il record senza Nome prodotto" ["slug"]=> string(33) "Il SEF Alias fornito esiste già." } ["_unique":protected]=> bool(true) ["_unique_name":protected]=> array(1) { ["slug"]=> string(33) "Il SEF Alias fornito esiste già." } ["_orderingKey":protected]=> string(8) "ordering" ["_slugAutoName":protected]=> string(12) "product_name" ["_slugName":protected]=> string(4) "slug" ["_loggable":protected]=> bool(true) ["_xParams":protected]=> string(14) "product_params" ["_varsToPushParam":protected]=> array(3) { ["min_order_level"]=> array(2) { [0]=> NULL [1]=> string(5) "float" } ["max_order_level"]=> array(2) { [0]=> NULL [1]=> string(5) "float" } ["product_box"]=> array(2) { [0]=> NULL [1]=> string(5) "float" } } ["_translatable"]=> bool(true) ["_translatableFields":protected]=> array(7) { [0]=> string(12) "product_name" [1]=> string(14) "product_s_desc" [2]=> string(12) "product_desc" [3]=> string(8) "metadesc" [4]=> string(7) "metakey" [5]=> string(11) "customtitle" ["slug"]=> string(4) "slug" } ["_tablePreFix"]=> string(2) "p." ["_tbl":protected]=> string(22) "#__virtuemart_products" ["_tbl_key":protected]=> string(21) "virtuemart_product_id" ["_db":protected]=> object(JDatabaseMySQL)#15 (19) { ["name"]=> string(5) "mysql" ["nameQuote":protected]=> string(1) "`" ["nullDate":protected]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["dbMinimum":protected]=> string(5) "5.0.4" ["_database":"JDatabase":private]=> string(15) "minervaedizioni" ["connection":protected]=> resource(34) of type (mysql link) ["count":protected]=> int(0) ["cursor":protected]=> resource(279) of type (Unknown) ["debug":protected]=> bool(false) ["limit":protected]=> int(0) ["log":protected]=> array(0) { } ["offset":protected]=> int(0) ["sql":protected]=> string(123) "SELECT `price_display`,`custom_price_display` FROM `#__virtuemart_shoppergroups` AS `sg` WHERE `sg`.`default` = "2" " ["tablePrefix":protected]=> string(4) "dev_" ["utf":protected]=> bool(true) ["errorNum":protected]=> int(0) ["errorMsg":protected]=> string(0) "" ["hasQuoted":protected]=> bool(false) ["quoted":protected]=> array(0) { } } ["_trackAssets":protected]=> bool(false) ["_rules":protected]=> NULL ["_locked":protected]=> bool(false) ["_errors":protected]=> array(0) { } ["_cache"]=> array(33) { ["virtuemart_product_id"]=> object(stdClass)#386 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(21) "virtuemart_product_id" ["Type"]=> string(16) "int(11) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(3) "PRI" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(14) "auto_increment" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["virtuemart_vendor_id"]=> object(stdClass)#392 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(20) "virtuemart_vendor_id" ["Type"]=> string(20) "smallint(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(3) "MUL" ["Default"]=> string(1) "1" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_parent_id"]=> object(stdClass)#393 (9) { 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["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_height"]=> object(stdClass)#399 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_height" ["Type"]=> string(13) "decimal(10,4)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_lwh_uom"]=> object(stdClass)#400 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_lwh_uom" ["Type"]=> string(7) "char(7)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_url"]=> object(stdClass)#401 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "product_url" ["Type"]=> string(9) "char(255)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_in_stock"]=> object(stdClass)#402 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(16) "product_in_stock" ["Type"]=> string(6) "int(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_ordered"]=> object(stdClass)#403 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_ordered" ["Type"]=> string(6) "int(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["low_stock_notification"]=> object(stdClass)#404 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(22) "low_stock_notification" ["Type"]=> string(15) "int(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_available_date"]=> object(stdClass)#405 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(22) "product_available_date" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_availability"]=> object(stdClass)#406 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(20) "product_availability" ["Type"]=> string(8) "char(32)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_special"]=> object(stdClass)#407 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_special" ["Type"]=> string(10) "tinyint(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_sales"]=> object(stdClass)#408 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(13) "product_sales" ["Type"]=> string(15) "int(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_unit"]=> object(stdClass)#409 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(12) "product_unit" ["Type"]=> string(7) "char(4)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_packaging"]=> object(stdClass)#410 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(17) "product_packaging" ["Type"]=> string(21) "decimal(8,4) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_params"]=> object(stdClass)#411 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_params" ["Type"]=> string(13) "varchar(2000)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["hits"]=> object(stdClass)#412 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(4) "hits" ["Type"]=> string(16) "int(11) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["intnotes"]=> object(stdClass)#413 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(8) "intnotes" ["Type"]=> string(14) "varchar(18000)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["metarobot"]=> object(stdClass)#414 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "metarobot" ["Type"]=> string(12) "varchar(400)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["metaauthor"]=> object(stdClass)#415 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "metaauthor" ["Type"]=> string(12) "varchar(400)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["layout"]=> object(stdClass)#416 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(6) "layout" ["Type"]=> string(8) "char(16)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["published"]=> object(stdClass)#417 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "published" ["Type"]=> string(10) "tinyint(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["created_on"]=> object(stdClass)#418 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "created_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["created_by"]=> object(stdClass)#419 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "created_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["modified_on"]=> object(stdClass)#420 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "modified_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["modified_by"]=> object(stdClass)#421 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "modified_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["locked_on"]=> object(stdClass)#422 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "locked_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["locked_by"]=> object(stdClass)#423 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "locked_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } } ["_langTag"]=> string(5) "it_it" ["_tbl_lang"]=> string(28) "#__virtuemart_products_it_it" ["min_order_level"]=> string(0) "" ["max_order_level"]=> string(0) "" ["product_box"]=> string(0) "" ["hits"]=> NULL ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3263" ["virtuemart_media_id"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(3) "732" } ["shoppergroups"]=> array(0) { } ["prices"]=> array(18) { ["costPrice"]=> string(8) "19.00000" ["basePrice"]=> float(19) ["basePriceVariant"]=> float(19) ["basePriceWithTax"]=> float(0) ["discountedPriceWithoutTax"]=> float(0) ["priceBeforeTax"]=> float(19) ["salesPrice"]=> float(16.15) ["taxAmount"]=> float(0) ["salesPriceWithDiscount"]=> float(16.15) ["salesPriceTemp"]=> float(16.15) ["unitPrice"]=> float(0) ["discountAmount"]=> float(2.85) ["priceWithoutTax"]=> float(19) ["variantModification"]=> float(0) ["DBTax"]=> array(0) { } ["Tax"]=> array(0) { } ["VatTax"]=> array(0) { } ["DATax"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(7) { [0]=> string(9) "sconto 15" [1]=> string(7) "15.0000" [2]=> string(2) "-%" [3]=> string(1) "1" [4]=> string(2) "47" [5]=> string(0) "" [6]=> string(1) "1" } } } ["virtuemart_manufacturer_id"]=> array(0) { } ["mf_name"]=> string(0) "" ["mf_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["mf_url"]=> string(0) "" ["categories"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(1) "1" [1]=> string(2) "15" } ["virtuemart_category_id"]=> string(1) "1" ["ordering"]=> string(1) "0" ["id"]=> string(3) "802" ["category_name"]=> string(24) "Diari e storie di guerra" ["canonical"]=> string(102) "index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=productdetails&virtuemart_product_id=387&virtuemart_category_id=1" ["link"]=> string(115) "/index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=productdetails&virtuemart_product_id=387&virtuemart_category_id=1" ["packaging"]=> int(0) ["box"]=> int(0) ["customfields"]=> array(8) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#453 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "5" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(8) "Formato:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3263" ["custom_value"]=> string(10) "17 x 24 cm" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "0" ["display"]=> string(10) "17 x 24 cm" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#454 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "6" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(7) "Pagine:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3264" ["custom_value"]=> string(27) "208 + Copertina in brossura" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "1" ["display"]=> string(27) "208 + Copertina in brossura" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#455 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "7" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(9) "Edizione:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3265" ["custom_value"]=> string(12) "Gennaio 2003" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "2" ["display"]=> string(12) "Gennaio 2003" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#456 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "8" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(7) "Lingua:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3266" ["custom_value"]=> string(8) "Italiano" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "3" ["display"]=> string(8) "Italiano" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#457 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(2) "18" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(5) "Trama" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "X" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "1" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3267" ["custom_value"]=> string(2650) "

Scritto su minuscoli fogli raccolti in taccuini, nascosti conservati e difesi a dispetto di tutto, il Diario di prigionia di Umberto Saraceni è la cronaca fedele, spesso giornaliera, di una detenzione ingiusta e inumana durata quasi due anni nei campi in cui i tedeschi raccolsero centinaia di migliaia di soldati ed ufficiali italiani dopo l’otto settembre del 1943.

Ed è il tema della giustizia che traspare in controluce in tutte le pagine dell’autore, magistrato militare, impegnato da prigioniero a far rispettare le leggi italiane all’interno dei campi e vittima di un sopruso e di un sofisma giuridico (quello degli italiani non prigionieri di guerra ma semplici internati) che ripugnava alla sua coscienza e di cui solo il carattere sociale e collettivo, cioè il fatto di riguardare un intero popolo in armi, che si era battuto con onore pur nella povertà dei mezzi, ne faceva accettare con coraggio e tenacia le tremende conseguenze.

La scabra e quasi parossistica serie di annotazioni, che giorno dopo giorno si concentrano sempre di più sulle pure questioni di sopravvivenza fisica (la mancanza di cibo, il freddo, le malattie) dà attestazione di una eroica resistenza individuale diventa progressivamente l’omaggio per nulla retorico rivolto alle migliaia di compagni che seppero tener testa alle pressioni crescenti dei tedeschi prima per aderire alla Repubblica Sociale Italiana e poi per contribuire allo sforzo bellico con il lavoro volontario.

Se il Diario è il resoconto di una resistenza spinta sino alle estreme conseguenze (furono decine di migliaia i morti di fame e di stenti) esso testimonia anche, sin dall’inizio, di una vicenda di solidarietà e una storia d’amore che hanno consentito all’autore, nei momenti più bui, di mantenere fede negli uomini e nel futuro: e agli ex alleati divenuti feroci aguzzini si contrappongono così, solleciti e solidali, gli ex nemici.

L’autore non ha mai voluto integrare il testo originario, che era scritto tenendo conto della concreta possibilità che cadesse in mano alla Gestapo: episodi importanti di quella storia, raccontati poi a voce (tra tutti quello, straordinario, delle radio del campo) dunque mancano, perché avrebbero compromesso i compagni o iniziative in corso di svolgimento.

Restano le asciutte descrizioni delle condizioni di vita, la nostalgia dell’Italia e soprattutto della sua Orvieto, l’amore per la giovanissima donna che sarebbe divenuta sua moglie, l’affetto per la Grecia da cui in un dolce autunno era partito, infine le poesie.

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Scritto su minuscoli fogli raccolti in taccuini, nascosti conservati e difesi a dispetto di tutto, il Diario di prigionia di Umberto Saraceni è la cronaca fedele, spesso giornaliera, di una detenzione ingiusta e inumana durata quasi due anni nei campi in cui i tedeschi raccolsero centinaia di migliaia di soldati ed ufficiali italiani dopo l’otto settembre del 1943.

Ed è il tema della giustizia che traspare in controluce in tutte le pagine dell’autore, magistrato militare, impegnato da prigioniero a far rispettare le leggi italiane all’interno dei campi e vittima di un sopruso e di un sofisma giuridico (quello degli italiani non prigionieri di guerra ma semplici internati) che ripugnava alla sua coscienza e di cui solo il carattere sociale e collettivo, cioè il fatto di riguardare un intero popolo in armi, che si era battuto con onore pur nella povertà dei mezzi, ne faceva accettare con coraggio e tenacia le tremende conseguenze.

La scabra e quasi parossistica serie di annotazioni, che giorno dopo giorno si concentrano sempre di più sulle pure questioni di sopravvivenza fisica (la mancanza di cibo, il freddo, le malattie) dà attestazione di una eroica resistenza individuale diventa progressivamente l’omaggio per nulla retorico rivolto alle migliaia di compagni che seppero tener testa alle pressioni crescenti dei tedeschi prima per aderire alla Repubblica Sociale Italiana e poi per contribuire allo sforzo bellico con il lavoro volontario.

Se il Diario è il resoconto di una resistenza spinta sino alle estreme conseguenze (furono decine di migliaia i morti di fame e di stenti) esso testimonia anche, sin dall’inizio, di una vicenda di solidarietà e una storia d’amore che hanno consentito all’autore, nei momenti più bui, di mantenere fede negli uomini e nel futuro: e agli ex alleati divenuti feroci aguzzini si contrappongono così, solleciti e solidali, gli ex nemici.

L’autore non ha mai voluto integrare il testo originario, che era scritto tenendo conto della concreta possibilità che cadesse in mano alla Gestapo: episodi importanti di quella storia, raccontati poi a voce (tra tutti quello, straordinario, delle radio del campo) dunque mancano, perché avrebbero compromesso i compagni o iniziative in corso di svolgimento.

Restano le asciutte descrizioni delle condizioni di vita, la nostalgia dell’Italia e soprattutto della sua Orvieto, l’amore per la giovanissima donna che sarebbe divenuta sua moglie, l’affetto per la Grecia da cui in un dolce autunno era partito, infine le poesie.

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["Field"]=> string(17) "product_parent_id" ["Type"]=> string(15) "int(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(3) "MUL" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_sku"]=> object(stdClass)#446 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "product_sku" ["Type"]=> string(8) "char(64)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(3) "MUL" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_weight"]=> object(stdClass)#445 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_weight" ["Type"]=> string(13) "decimal(10,4)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_weight_uom"]=> object(stdClass)#444 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(18) "product_weight_uom" ["Type"]=> string(7) "char(7)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_length"]=> object(stdClass)#443 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_length" ["Type"]=> string(13) "decimal(10,4)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_width"]=> object(stdClass)#442 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(13) "product_width" ["Type"]=> string(13) "decimal(10,4)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_height"]=> object(stdClass)#441 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_height" ["Type"]=> string(13) "decimal(10,4)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_lwh_uom"]=> object(stdClass)#440 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_lwh_uom" ["Type"]=> string(7) "char(7)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_url"]=> object(stdClass)#439 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "product_url" ["Type"]=> string(9) "char(255)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_in_stock"]=> object(stdClass)#438 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(16) "product_in_stock" ["Type"]=> string(6) "int(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_ordered"]=> object(stdClass)#437 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_ordered" ["Type"]=> string(6) "int(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["low_stock_notification"]=> object(stdClass)#436 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(22) "low_stock_notification" ["Type"]=> string(15) "int(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_available_date"]=> object(stdClass)#435 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(22) "product_available_date" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_availability"]=> object(stdClass)#434 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(20) "product_availability" ["Type"]=> string(8) "char(32)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_special"]=> object(stdClass)#433 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(15) "product_special" ["Type"]=> string(10) "tinyint(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_sales"]=> object(stdClass)#432 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(13) "product_sales" ["Type"]=> string(15) "int(1) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_unit"]=> object(stdClass)#431 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(12) "product_unit" ["Type"]=> string(7) "char(4)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_packaging"]=> object(stdClass)#430 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(17) "product_packaging" ["Type"]=> string(21) "decimal(8,4) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["product_params"]=> object(stdClass)#429 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(14) "product_params" ["Type"]=> string(13) "varchar(2000)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["hits"]=> object(stdClass)#391 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(4) "hits" ["Type"]=> string(16) "int(11) unsigned" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["intnotes"]=> object(stdClass)#426 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(8) "intnotes" ["Type"]=> string(14) "varchar(18000)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["metarobot"]=> object(stdClass)#424 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "metarobot" ["Type"]=> string(12) "varchar(400)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["metaauthor"]=> object(stdClass)#464 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "metaauthor" ["Type"]=> string(12) "varchar(400)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["layout"]=> object(stdClass)#465 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(6) "layout" ["Type"]=> string(8) "char(16)" ["Collation"]=> string(15) "utf8_general_ci" ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["published"]=> object(stdClass)#466 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "published" ["Type"]=> string(10) "tinyint(1)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(3) "YES" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> NULL ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["created_on"]=> object(stdClass)#467 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "created_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["created_by"]=> object(stdClass)#468 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(10) "created_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["modified_on"]=> object(stdClass)#469 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "modified_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["modified_by"]=> object(stdClass)#470 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(11) "modified_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["locked_on"]=> object(stdClass)#471 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "locked_on" ["Type"]=> string(8) "datetime" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(19) "0000-00-00 00:00:00" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } ["locked_by"]=> object(stdClass)#472 (9) { ["Field"]=> string(9) "locked_by" ["Type"]=> string(7) "int(11)" ["Collation"]=> NULL ["Null"]=> string(2) "NO" ["Key"]=> string(0) "" ["Default"]=> string(1) "0" ["Extra"]=> string(0) "" ["Privileges"]=> string(31) "select,insert,update,references" ["Comment"]=> string(0) "" } } ["_langTag"]=> string(5) "it_it" ["_tbl_lang"]=> string(28) "#__virtuemart_products_it_it" ["min_order_level"]=> string(0) "" ["max_order_level"]=> string(0) "" ["product_box"]=> string(0) "" ["hits"]=> NULL ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3254" ["virtuemart_media_id"]=> array(1) { [0]=> string(3) "731" } ["shoppergroups"]=> array(0) { } ["prices"]=> array(18) { ["costPrice"]=> string(8) "23.24000" ["basePrice"]=> float(23.24) ["basePriceVariant"]=> float(23.24) ["basePriceWithTax"]=> float(0) ["discountedPriceWithoutTax"]=> float(0) ["priceBeforeTax"]=> float(23.24) ["salesPrice"]=> float(19.75) ["taxAmount"]=> float(0) ["salesPriceWithDiscount"]=> float(19.75) ["salesPriceTemp"]=> float(19.75) ["unitPrice"]=> float(0) ["discountAmount"]=> float(3.49) ["priceWithoutTax"]=> float(23.24) ["variantModification"]=> float(0) ["DBTax"]=> array(0) { } ["Tax"]=> array(0) { } ["VatTax"]=> array(0) { } ["DATax"]=> array(1) { [0]=> array(7) { [0]=> string(9) "sconto 15" [1]=> string(7) "15.0000" [2]=> string(2) "-%" [3]=> string(1) "1" [4]=> string(2) "47" [5]=> string(0) "" [6]=> string(1) "1" } } } ["virtuemart_manufacturer_id"]=> array(0) { } ["mf_name"]=> string(0) "" ["mf_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["mf_url"]=> string(0) "" ["categories"]=> array(2) { [0]=> string(1) "1" [1]=> string(2) "15" } ["virtuemart_category_id"]=> string(1) "1" ["ordering"]=> string(1) "0" ["id"]=> string(3) "800" ["category_name"]=> string(24) "Diari e storie di guerra" ["canonical"]=> string(102) "index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=productdetails&virtuemart_product_id=386&virtuemart_category_id=1" ["link"]=> string(115) "/index.php?option=com_virtuemart&view=productdetails&virtuemart_product_id=386&virtuemart_category_id=1" ["packaging"]=> int(0) ["box"]=> int(0) ["customfields"]=> array(9) { [0]=> object(stdClass)#499 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "3" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(7) "Autore:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3254" ["custom_value"]=> string(10) "Leo Taddia" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "0" ["display"]=> string(10) "Leo Taddia" } [1]=> object(stdClass)#500 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "5" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(8) "Formato:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3255" ["custom_value"]=> string(10) "17 x 24 cm" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "1" ["display"]=> string(10) "17 x 24 cm" } [2]=> object(stdClass)#501 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "6" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(7) "Pagine:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3256" ["custom_value"]=> string(27) "256 + Copertina in brossura" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "2" ["display"]=> string(27) "256 + Copertina in brossura" } [3]=> object(stdClass)#502 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "7" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(9) "Edizione:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3257" ["custom_value"]=> string(14) "Settembre 2001" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "3" ["display"]=> string(14) "Settembre 2001" } [4]=> object(stdClass)#503 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(1) "8" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(7) "Lingua:" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "S" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "0" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3258" ["custom_value"]=> string(8) "Italiano" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "5" ["display"]=> string(8) "Italiano" } [5]=> object(stdClass)#504 (20) { ["virtuemart_custom_id"]=> string(2) "18" ["custom_element"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_params"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_parent_id"]=> string(1) "0" ["admin_only"]=> string(1) "0" ["custom_title"]=> string(5) "Trama" ["custom_tip"]=> string(0) "" ["value"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_field_desc"]=> string(0) "" ["field_type"]=> string(1) "X" ["is_list"]=> string(1) "0" ["is_hidden"]=> string(1) "1" ["layout_pos"]=> string(0) "" ["published"]=> string(1) "1" ["virtuemart_customfield_id"]=> string(4) "3259" ["custom_value"]=> string(2460) "Ai primi di agosto del 1943 una signora albanese di Korcia predisse all’autore il futuro, esaminando i fondi del caffè alla turca. Oltre alle scontate uscite su cuore e sentimenti, ella ad un tratto si fece seria e si dichiarò sicura che incombevano su di lui una grave malattia ed un lungo, lungo viaggio.

Entrambe le predizioni si avverarono ed il cammino per il rimpatrio dopo l’armistizio dell’8/9/1943 si sviluppò in un itinerario di circa 5.000 Km. percorsi a piedi fra i monti del Kosovo, Montenegro, Sangiaccato, Bosnia, Erzegovina, in territori fra l’altro gravati da una feroce guerra civile, per concludersi, ancora in armi, dopo diciotto mesi in Dalmazia a Ragusa-Dubrovnik per l’imbarco.

Le strade del ritorno, la catabasi dall’estero dopo la sconfitta, si rivelarono aspre e tragiche. Con lui altri ventimila soldati italiani rifiutarono di farsi disarmare ed internare, ma pretesero di difendere l’onore militare, respingendo minacce di distruzione e promesse di trasferimento in zone meno tormentate.

Di essi non si parla in Italia. Chissà perché? I loro sacrifici in nome di una continuità, che unisse il prima ed il dopo l’armistizio, sono stati affrontati invano? L’autore che con questi animosi si unì e ne condivise le vicissitudini per ricordo e testimonianza sviscera le sue personali esperienze, ripercorrendo non solo il vagabondaggio fra i monti, ma anche i suoi pensieri, le sue reazioni di fronte a situazioni sempre più complesse, sfociate nell’insidioso fattore politico.

La posizione dell’autore, che spesso si lascia andare passivamente, non essendoci possibilità di contrastare o di reagire, è quella di tanti suoi compagni d’arme, che romanticamente scelsero la stessa strada, irta di insidie. Molti caddero ed altri, fiaccati, si fermarono per via. Ma ci fu sempre chi alzò al vento il tricolore, alto e saldo ad indicare la strada dell’Onore. Il racconto, anche se si snoda fra immani tragedie (Pljevlja, la Bosnia), scorre piano con espressioni semplici e talvolta si placa su episodi distensivi (come il cappotto o l’accaparramento di viveri a Berane).

Comunque le esperienze mutevoli e sempre diverse, conferiscono la scorrevolezza di un romanzo d’avventura, mentre invece si tratta di realtà vissuta, testimonianza pacata e precisa di un periodo di storia italiana, pressoché ignorata.
" ["custom_param"]=> string(0) "" ["custom_price"]=> NULL ["ordering"]=> string(1) "6" ["display"]=> string(2460) "Ai primi di agosto del 1943 una signora albanese di Korcia predisse all’autore il futuro, esaminando i fondi del caffè alla turca. Oltre alle scontate uscite su cuore e sentimenti, ella ad un tratto si fece seria e si dichiarò sicura che incombevano su di lui una grave malattia ed un lungo, lungo viaggio.

Entrambe le predizioni si avverarono ed il cammino per il rimpatrio dopo l’armistizio dell’8/9/1943 si sviluppò in un itinerario di circa 5.000 Km. percorsi a piedi fra i monti del Kosovo, Montenegro, Sangiaccato, Bosnia, Erzegovina, in territori fra l’altro gravati da una feroce guerra civile, per concludersi, ancora in armi, dopo diciotto mesi in Dalmazia a Ragusa-Dubrovnik per l’imbarco.

Le strade del ritorno, la catabasi dall’estero dopo la sconfitta, si rivelarono aspre e tragiche. Con lui altri ventimila soldati italiani rifiutarono di farsi disarmare ed internare, ma pretesero di difendere l’onore militare, respingendo minacce di distruzione e promesse di trasferimento in zone meno tormentate.

Di essi non si parla in Italia. Chissà perché? I loro sacrifici in nome di una continuità, che unisse il prima ed il dopo l’armistizio, sono stati affrontati invano? L’autore che con questi animosi si unì e ne condivise le vicissitudini per ricordo e testimonianza sviscera le sue personali esperienze, ripercorrendo non solo il vagabondaggio fra i monti, ma anche i suoi pensieri, le sue reazioni di fronte a situazioni sempre più complesse, sfociate nell’insidioso fattore politico.

La posizione dell’autore, che spesso si lascia andare passivamente, non essendoci possibilità di contrastare o di reagire, è quella di tanti suoi compagni d’arme, che romanticamente scelsero la stessa strada, irta di insidie. Molti caddero ed altri, fiaccati, si fermarono per via. Ma ci fu sempre chi alzò al vento il tricolore, alto e saldo ad indicare la strada dell’Onore. Il racconto, anche se si snoda fra immani tragedie (Pljevlja, la Bosnia), scorre piano con espressioni semplici e talvolta si placa su episodi distensivi (come il cappotto o l’accaparramento di viveri a Berane).

Comunque le esperienze mutevoli e sempre diverse, conferiscono la scorrevolezza di un romanzo d’avventura, mentre invece si tratta di realtà vissuta, testimonianza pacata e precisa di un periodo di storia italiana, pressoché ignorata.
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